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The GEN_1 Wheelchair is the basic wheelchair designed by Free Wheelchair Mission especially for use in areas with rugged terrain.

The Rear Wheel Is Flat

One or both of the large rear wheels are flat.

Sharp Debris Has Created A Hole In The Wheel

If the tire is flat or losing air, there may be a hole in the wheel of your chair. There are two ways to fix this problem: a patch may be adhered to the hole if the hole is small enough. If the hole is too large for a patch, wheel replacement may be required.

Patch Wheel/Tube

Required Materials/Tools

* Glue

* Patch

  1. Locate the hole by tracing the outside of the wheel/tube with your fingers.
  2. Once the hole is located, feel for any remaining debris inside the wheel/tube that may cause future problems and remove them.
  3. Apply glue around the edge of the hole on the wheel/tube.
  4. Carefully place patch over glued-covered surface and apply pressure over the entire area of the patch to adhere it to the surface of the wheel/tube.

Replace Wheel

Required Materials/Tools

* New Wheel

* Air Pump

* Free Wheelchair Mission Multi-Purpose Tool (or 19mm crescent wrench)

  1. Use the multi-purpose tool to removed damaged wheel from wheelchair frame.
  2. Attach replacement wheel to the frame using the multi-purpose tool.
  3. Pump air into the replacement tire at 35 psi = 2.4 bar = 2.5 kg/cm^2 using the air pump.

Air Has Escaped Wheel After Long-Term Use

Required Materials/Tools

* Air Pump

If the wheelchair becomes difficult to move or one/both wheels are noticeably flat, the tires may require more air. First, locate the air valve and remove the cap. Pump air into the flat tire at 35 psi = 2.4 bar = 2.5 kg/cm^2 using the air pump. Finally, screw back on the air valve cap securely.

The Castor Wheel Is Jammed

One or both of the small front wheels do not move freely.

Debris Is Caught In Castor Wheel

If one or both of your small front wheels do not rotate or allow easy motion, there may be debris obstructing its movement.

  1. Remove the wheel that is obstructed wheel from its axle.
  2. Remove any debris that is obstructing the wheel.
  3. Make sure no remaining debris is obstructing the wheel axle and that the wheel turns smoothly.
  4. Reattach the wheel to the axle.

The Hand Brake Does Not Stop The Rear Wheel

One or both of the hand brakes do not stop the wheelchair from moving.

If the handbrake does not properly stop the rear wheel from moving, the handbrake may be loose and may require tightening. Locate the loose handbrake and tighten both screws firmly.

The Plastic Chair Is Cracked

Cracks can been seen on any part of the plastic chair.

Fill in Crack

If there is any noticeable wear or cracks on the chair, it is best to fill them in before they become larger and threaten the safety of the user.

Required Materials/Tools

* Tape/Glue

  1. Locate all cracks and wears on the chair.
  2. Use either glue or tape to fill or cover the cracked surface.
  3. If glue is used, make sure to hold the crack closed until the glue is set.

Replace Chair

If damage is severe enough, the chair may have to be replaced.

The Steel Frame Is Deformed

There are visible deformities on the steel frame.

If frame is deformed in a way that renders the wheelchair unsafe or hinders mobility, frame will have to be replaced.

There Is A Dent In The Steel Frame

Minor dents in the steel frame may not be of high concern, though if multiple or very large dents occur, the wheelchair may no longer be safe to use and must be replaced immediately.

The Steel Frame Is Bent Or Cracked

If the steel frame is bent unnaturally or if the steel frame is cracked, the wheelchair is no longer safe and must be replaced immediately.

The Seat Cushion Is Ripped Or Torn

The seat cushion on the wheelchair has holes or rips on it.

Sew Back Together

Required Materials/Tools

* Needle

* Thread

If needle and thread are available and the rip on the seat cushion is small enough, mend the rip using needle and thread.


Required Materials/Tools

* Durable Tape

If needle and thread are not available, use durable tape as the next best resource to mend the rip.

Replace Cushion

If materials for sewing or taping are unavailable, and hole or rip on the seat cushion renders the wheelchair unfit for comfortable use, the cushion may have to be replaced.

Footrest Is Loose

The footrest does not stay in place when you rest your feet on it.

If the footrest moves around or is not securely fastened one or more of the screws may be loose. Locate your screwdriver and tighten all of the loose screws.

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