Giriş

Newer generations of iPhone, iPod nano, and iPod touch have batteries that are soldered directly to the logic board. This makes replacing the battery a much harder feat than other iPod and iPhone models, who use connectors to attach the battery to the logic board. This guide illustrates the various levels of difficulty in soldering, and teaches the technique of soldering three types of connections commonly seen in electronic gadgets:

Step 1: Beginning — Large thru-hole components, such as cylindrical capacitors;

Step 7: Intermediate — Small thru-hole components, such as battery leads and resistors; and

Step 11: Advanced — Small surface-mount components.

  1. To start, let's solder a large component held to a circuit board with thru-hole solder pads.
    • To start, let's solder a large component held to a circuit board with thru-hole solder pads.

    • A capacitor was already removed from the two solder pads. Each pad was heated while the capacitor was pulled away from the board.

    • Notice how the solder holes are completely covered with solder. Opening these holes -- so the capacitor lead can be pushed through -- will greatly simplify installation.

    This is for "Introduction" but didn't see how to comment there.

    Says "newer generations" have soldered batteries but there's no reference as to when this was written so that's not very meaningful. Request clarification.

    Joe - Yanıt

  2. To open the hole blocked by solder, heat the solder pad with the tip of a soldering iron. Push through the molten solder from the other side with a staple or sewing needle.
    • To open the hole blocked by solder, heat the solder pad with the tip of a soldering iron. Push through the molten solder from the other side with a staple or sewing needle.

    • In our case, we decided to use a right angle pick. Lead solder will not stick to steel, so pretty much any thin steel can be used.

    • Pushing the tool all the way through the hole may require heating the pad several times. As a rule of thumb, heat the solder just enough for it to melt, then remove the soldering tip from the pad. Excessive heat will damage electronic components.

    Yorum Ekle

    • When the tool has completely passed through the hole, enlarge the hole by heating the top side of the solder pad while pressing through with the tool.

    • Both solder holes should now be open enough to insert the bare leads of your component.

    Yorum Ekle

    • Prepare your component for soldering by removing any excess solder from the contacts. The contacts should be clean enough to pass through the solder pad holes.

    • Run the soldering iron tip down the lengths of each contact to wipe the solder away from the component. Clean the iron's tip between strokes by wiping it against a moist sponge.

    • Excessive heat will damage the components, so do not apply the soldering iron to the component for long amounts of time.

    Yorum Ekle

    • Insert the contacts into and through the holes made in the solder pads.

    • To ease in soldering, slightly bend the contacts protruding through the holes so they hold themselves in place.

    Yorum Ekle

  3. GIVE TOOLS. FIX FOREVER.

    GIVE TOOLS.

    FIX FOREVER.

    Spread the Fixmas cheer.

    GIVE TOOLS. FIX FOREVER.

    Spread the Fixmas cheer.

    • To solder each connection:

      • Place the tip of the soldering iron against the solder pad.

      • Melt just enough solder onto the solder pad so that the capacitor's contact lead holds firmly in place.

      • Remove both the solder and the soldering iron tip from the connection as soon as enough solder melts onto the pad.

    Yorum Ekle

    • Next we will cover a moderately difficult soldering application. In our case, we will be soldering very thin and delicate leads to a circuit board with small solder pads.

    • Small electronic components, including wires, cannot dissipate heat as quickly as larger components. This makes them very susceptible to overheating. Make sure to heat the connection just long enough to melt the solder.

    • The leads were removed from the solder pads by heating the joint on the top side of the board, while pulling out the leads with a pair of tweezers.

    Yorum Ekle

    • It is common for solder to cover up some of the holes through solder pads on the board. Opening these holes greatly simplifies soldering.

    • Open the holes through the solder pads by pressing a straightened staple against the blockage while heating the same pad from the other side of the board.

    • A "third hand" tool (or a friend) can greatly help in this procedure.

    Yorum Ekle

    • After clearing all of the holes, insert the bare ends of the leads with a pair of tweezers.

    • To keep the leads in place, it may be helpful to first bend the battery leads into their final shape, then insert the stripped ends into the holes.

    Yorum Ekle

    • To solder each connection:

      • Place the tip of the soldering iron against the solder pad.

      • Melt just enough solder onto the solder pad so that the contact leads hold firmly in place.

      • Remove both the solder and the soldering iron tip from the connection as soon as enough solder melts onto the pad.

    Yorum Ekle

    • For the last section, battery leads will be soldered to surface-mount solder pads. These type of joints are harder to solder because the lead has no solid anchor point (such as a thru-hole) to hold it in place during soldering.

    • To de-solder the joint, place a solder wick on top of the existing solder ball and press down on the solder wick with the soldering iron.

    • Once the solder melts and flows into the wick, remove the wick from the joint.

    • Repeat the same procedure on the remaining leads.

    • When a section of solder wick is saturated with solder, it should be trimmed and discarded.

    Yorum Ekle

    • We recommend that you clean the surface-mount solder pads with a soft cloth or sponge and a small amount of rubbing alcohol.

    • To melt a small bead of solder onto each solder pad:

      • Place the tip of the soldering iron against the solder pad.

      • Melt solder so that it forms a dome on top of the pad.

      • Remove both the solder and the soldering iron tip from the solder pad as soon as enough solder melts onto the pad.

    Yorum Ekle

    • The solder bead should look like a small dome or hemisphere. If it is flat or jagged, simply place the soldering iron back on the solder to re-melt it and then pull the soldering iron away. It may require a little more solder if this does not work.

    Yorum Ekle

    • To solder the new leads to the board, place the bare end of one lead onto the bead of solder on its corresponding solder pad.

    • Press the tip of the soldering iron onto the solder bead until it melts.

    • Slide the exposed end of the lead into the liquid solder until it is in the center of the bead, then remove the soldering iron.

    • Continue with the other connections the same way, taking special care not to solder two of the pads together.

    Yorum Ekle

Sonuç

To reassemble your device, follow these instructions in reverse order.

219 başka kişi bu kılavuzu tamamladı.

16 Yorum

This is a great guide with awesome clarifying pictures.

Thanks!

Martin - Yanıt

TIP: Another method which works well for clearing solder from holes (especially on repairs like AC Jacks on laptops) is to use compressed air to clear melted solder from holes. A quick blast with a duster can works well (I have even used a drink straw in a pinch and blown out with a blast of air from mouth). Heat the solder until it liquefies, put the duster straw right above the solder and quickly hit the melted solder with an air blast to instantly clear the hole of solder. This works well on very small holes as melted solder does not always push out cleanly with metal tools. You have to be quick with the air blast because the solder re-hardens rapidly.

GURUmicro - Yanıt

This is not IPC standards but for the ghetto approach, it will get the job done. I solder in manufacture settings, run my own shop. This is wrong to a degree but will do. If ifixit would like tips from ILLFIXIT then your more then welcome!

Tony Stark - Yanıt

A very good guide to soldering.

I have never soldered anything (I'm a girl you see), but your clear and detailed guidance inspired me to give it a go.

I was well prepared in advance-it could be difficult-and that helped a lot.

I have now got a new battery soldered into my Palm TX and I'm as happy as Larry (or Lorraine in this case)..

geeklynews - Yanıt

Using a solder wick braid is a good thing to do every time you are trying to remove solder from the thru-hole and pad. This is because after you use the solder wick you have a clean hole and a clean pad with just a slight film of solder on it and you have a nice open workspace without any old solder in there. Old solder doesn't have solder flux anymore -it's burned off-and won't "flow" around the component or wire leads and leaves an icy-looking "cold" solder joint, a dull grey glob of solder that is weak and doesn't conduct electricity very well. By wicking it off, the new solder, which does have solder flux, will be shiny, smooth, quite strong and conductive. I've been soldering since the early 70's and solder wick is a good friend if you use it right. No need for staples or picks, either.

Clarkness - Yanıt

One more thing about having your solder iron on the pads for too long. If you get them too hot the pad will actually separate and lift up off the PC board, tearing the delicate copper trace, and the PC board will be useless.

Clarkness - Yanıt

Perfect Illustrations, Thank you.

semi bariche - Yanıt

I found this to be a clear and easy tutorial on how to solder to remove and install small electrical components. Excellent for beginners and useful for experts in teaching situations.

Allan Ryle - Yanıt

Very good guidance

allwin2abbas - Yanıt

another tip is if you do not have a soldering station and your iron gets too hot just unplug it and continue and never ever dunk your soldering iron in flux if it is excessively hot because it will take the conductive coating off the tip of your soldering iron. also dont dip touch the tip of your iron (while its off) because the oils from your hand can burn through the tip like the flux.

ps: this is from my personal experience and its just some things to look out for

Blair McLeod - Yanıt

Nice job!

Well done,,,,

midatlantic.midatlanticmarine - Yanıt

This is a good job thanks.

Ivette Carlier - Yanıt

Nice post describing PCB Repair soldering with images. It is quite easy to understand also.

Solder Training - Yanıt

What is the best diameter of solder to use on iPod Shuffle batteries? Lead-free? Please be very specific. Thanks much!

plantae13 - Yanıt

Sooo just bought a soldering iron, never used one before in my life, re attaching wires to a little motherboard for a light switch and dimmer, this page literally just taught me exactly what i needed to know and success the first try! Thank so much! finally someone knows they’re stuff instead of me having to go through 30 different pages of nothing on google lol respect dude! keep it up!

mistynoel85 - Yanıt

Great guide! It also helps to use a bit of flux on the points to aid with adhesion of new solder to the contact points, and to help with heat transfer from the solder tip onto the solder pad.

arfan_nazar - Yanıt

Yorum Ekle

İstatistikleri Görüntüle:

Son 24 Saat: 89

Son 7 Gün: 633

Son 30 Gün: 2,800

Her zaman: 192,217